Self Defense with Taekwondo

19.06.2023
Self Defense with Taekwondo

Taekwondo is a martial art of Asian origin and was developed in South Korea. In this article, topics such as the origins of Taekwondo, the age at which the sport can be done, how to do it, basic rules and benefits will be discussed.


From what age can Taekwondo be done?

Taekwondo sport is an activity that can generally be started from the age of 6. However, age restrictions may vary at the discretion of the coach. For younger children, there are lighter versions of Taekwondo and private lessons teaching basic techniques. With increasing age, the athlete may undertake more complex techniques and advanced training.


Basic Rules of Taekwondo

There are some basic rules in Taekwondo. Competitions are usually held in a competition arena and rival athletes face each other. Some basic rules are:


  • Strikes can only be delivered to designated body areas (e.g. face, chest, abdomen).
  • Attacks are made with predetermined techniques and movements.
  • A scoring system is used and the athlete who exceeds a certain score wins.


Benefits of Taekwondo

Taekwondo has many benefits. This sport encourages physical and mental development. Here are some benefits of Taekwondo:


  1. Physical Fitness: Taekwondo develops a number of physical abilities such as strength, endurance, flexibility and balance.
  2. Self-Confidence and Discipline: Taekwondo increases self-confidence and encourages a disciplined lifestyle.
  3. Self-Defense Skills: Taekwondo helps a person improve their self-defense abilities.
  4. Stress Reduction: This martial art helps reduce stress and provides mental relaxation.
  5. Social Communication: Taekwondo promotes unity and solidarity among athletes and helps establish new friendships.


Taekwondo Techniques

There are many basic techniques in Taekwondo. These techniques are used for attacks, blocks, and moves. Some basic Taekwondo techniques are:


  1. Straight Strike (Ap Joomuk Chigi): The punch is directed straight at the target.
  2. Fist Swing (Bandae Joomuk Chigi): The fist is directed at the target by swinging backwards.
  3. Kicking (Chagi): The leg is directed at a designated target.
  4. Spinning Kick (Dollyo Chagi): The body is used to deliver a spinning kick.


Advanced Training in Taekwondo

Advanced training in Taekwondo allows athletes to improve their technique and learn more complex combinations. In advanced training, athletes often work on more challenging techniques and choreographies. At this stage, the athlete gains more experience and explores the depths of Taekwondo.


What are the Different Styles of Taekwondo?

Different styles of Taekwondo include prominent schools or associations such as ITF (International Taekwon-Do Federation) and WT (World Taekwondo). Each style has its own techniques, rules and philosophy. For example, ITF Taekwondo takes a more traditional approach, while WT Taekwondo is more sport-focused. Each style offers unique features of Taekwondo and provides athletes with different experiences.


Self Defense with Taekwondo

Taekwondo is an effective martial art for improving self-defense skills. This sport offers a variety of techniques to neutralize attacks, evade or defeat the attacker. The defensive moves taught in Taekwondo can be adapted to real-world situations and can help one protect oneself from dangerous situations.


Physical and Mental Effects of Taekwondo

Taekwondo has a number of positive effects, both physically and mentally. Bodily effects include increased physical fitness, strength and flexibility. Mental effects include focus, concentration and stress reduction. This combination helps athletes improve their overall health and well-being.


Taekwondo and Sports Performance

Taekwondo may also be useful for improving performance in other sports. This martial art develops a number of basic physical abilities such as speed, flexibility, coordination and balance. These abilities provide an advantage for better performance in other sports such as football, basketball and volleyball.


Mental Preparation in Taekwondo

Taekwondo is not only a physical but also a mental discipline. Athletes must be mentally prepared before participating in competitions and rigorous training. Mental preparation includes focus, motivation and stress coping skills. Taekwondo helps athletes develop mental toughness and cope with challenges.


Taekwondo and Personal Development

Taekwondo is a martial art that promotes personal development. Athletes gain valuable skills such as knowing themselves better, pushing their limits, and working for their success. Taekwondo also focuses on character development and the adoption of positive values. Values such as discipline, self-confidence, respect and loyalty form the basis of Taekwondo.


What are the Injury Risks in Taekwondo?

Taekwondo carries the risk of injury because it is a sport that involves physical contact. Athletes can sustain a variety of injuries due to impacts, falls, or improper techniques.

We can list the injury risks in Taekwondo as follows:


  • Sprain: There is a risk of spraining the foot, ankle or knee during turning or rapid movements. Such injuries can occur, especially when incorrect kicking or turning techniques are used.
  • Muscle Strains: Intense physical activity and sudden movements in Taekwondo can increase the risk of straining or straining a muscle. Insufficient warm-up or movements without preparing the muscles can cause muscle injuries.
  • Bruises: There is a risk of bruises during Taekwondo competitions or training that involve physical contact. Bruises may occur when bones are damaged as a result of blows or contact.
  • Cuts: Cuts can occur during fast and sharp movements, due to incorrect positioning or lack of protective equipment. Nails on hands or feet can cause injuries, especially during fighting techniques.
  • Strain: During Taekwondo movements, the muscles and joints used to maintain the balance of the body may be strained. Such strains may occur especially in high kicks or spinning movements.
  • Head Injuries: Frequent use of head-oriented techniques in Taekwondo increases the risk of head injuries. Head injuries as a result of blows or collisions may occur more frequently when head protection is not used.
  • Falls: Athletes who lose their balance during acrobatic movements or partner exercises in Taekwondo may face the risk of falling. Various injuries can occur as a result of falls, especially wrist, elbow or spine injuries.

You may be interested in: Karate 101

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The Personal Data Owner may apply to the Sports Library (data controller) and request;

To learn whether personal data is processed or not,

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To learn the purpose of processing personal data and whether they are used for their intended purpose,

To know the third parties to whom personal data is transferred domestically or abroad,

To request correction of personal data in case of incomplete or incorrect processing,

To request the deletion or destruction of personal data within the framework of the conditions stipulated in Article 7 of the KVKK,

In case of correction, deletion or destruction of personal data, to request that these transactions be notified to third parties to whom personal data are transferred,

To object to the emergence of a result to the detriment of the person himself/herself by analyzing the processed data exclusively through automated systems,

In case of damage due to unlawful processing of personal data, it has the right to demand compensation for the damage.


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The Data Controller Representative to be appointed by the Sports Library will be announced in the Data Controllers Registry and on the website where this document is available when the legal infrastructure is provided.

Personal Data Subjects may send their questions, opinions or requests via e-mail.

The Sports Library may give a positive/negative response to the submitted requests in written or digital media, provided that it is justified and responds within 30 days. It is essential that the necessary procedures regarding the requests are free of charge. However, if the transactions require a cost, the Sports Library reserves the right to charge a fee. These fees are determined by the Personal Data Protection Board over the tariff determined according to Article 13 of the Personal Data Protection Law.

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This agreement was last updated on 01/01/2020.